The Immunization Financing resource guide collects 26 brief documents on topics related to the cost and financing of national immunization programs in low- and middle-income countries. Some of the briefs explore possible financing sources. Others examine the components and drivers of immunization costs, planning and decision-making processes related to immunization programs and budgets, and the relationship between immunization and broader health system financing. The resource guide concludes with a set of country case studies that illustrate particular approaches or important challenges.

This volume is intended for immunization advocates, program managers, decision-makers, and planners in ministries of health and finance. The information is relevant to countries that are eligible for support from Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, as well as to countries that are transitioning out of Gavi support and middle-income countries that have never received Gavi support. The briefs can be read in sequential order or individually. Each begins with a summary of key points. Some of the briefs are more technical than others, due to their subject matter, but they are all meant to convey practical information to readers who do not have specific technical expertise. Many of the briefs recommend other resources that offer more in-depth information. The following table outlines the contents of the resource guide and the main questions addressed by each brief. It is followed by a list of key terms used in this document.

The resource guide was prepared by a team at Results for Development (R4D) led by Helen Saxenian and including Daniel Arias, Danielle Bloom, Cheryl Cashin, and Paul Wilson. It is based on research funded in part by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The findings and conclusions contained within are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.